Miriwinni, a small rural town, is on the North Coast railway line, 55 km south of central Cairns and eight km south of Babinda. It is 10 km east of Mount Bartle Frere. The name is thought to derive from an Aboriginal expression indicating a mountain or rock.

With the exception of two swamp lands in the direction of the coast, the land around Miriwinni was eminently suited to sugar-cane. The Cairns-Babinda-Pawngilly railway was extended through Miriwinni in 1912 and a local primary school was opened four years later. In addition to cane, several farmers grew vegetables and tropical fruit. The post office directory (1949) recorded most land holders as 'farmers', with only a few described as 'cane farmers', and others were recorded as market gardeners. The town had three store-keepers, two drapers, a newsagent, a butcher and baker, and a blacksmith and fuel dealer. There were also a motor garage and a hotel.

A census population of 513 (1954) appears to have been the peak figure. Mixed agriculture has continued, with fruit and sugar. The cane is carried by a loop tramway, east and north to Babinda.

Miriwinni's census populations have been:

Census DatePopulation
1921168
1933368
1954513
1976231
1991201
2006457
2011not recorded