Roma Regional Council was formed in 2008 by the amalgamation of Roma Town and Bendemere, Booringa, Bungil and Warroo Shires. It is bisected west-east by the Warrego Highway/Western Railway corridor and has an area of 58,830 sq km.
The constituent rural shires were as follows:
|% in Farm
All the administrative centres except Surat are on the Warrego Highway. Roma, with a population of 6504 (2006), had 53% of the population of Roma Regional Council, which had 12,284 (2006).
The Regional Council's area has a high proportion of residents of Anglo-Celtic background, with a declared adherence to the Anglican faith and a disinclination to state 'no religion' in the 2006 census:
The main rural industries are beef cattle, sheep for wool, and cereals. Roma has one of Australia's largest beef-cattle saleyards. The land north and east of Roma was originally brigalow country or eucalypt woodland on solodic soils. Brigalow country generally has a high natural fertility and solodic soils, whilst deficient in nitrogen and phosphorus, can be top-dressed for pasture growth. Some have above-average water retention. Overall farm production is good.
As well as having a large livestock sales outlet, Roma is the region's wholesale and retail distribution centre. Nearly a quarter of Roma's employed population were in wholesale and retail (2006).
In 2009 the Roma Regional Council was renamed the Maranoa Regional Council.
Roma, Bendemere, Booringa, Bungil and Warroo Shire entries