Eidsvold, a rural town, is 160 km west of Maryborough, between Mundubbera and Monto.

The Eidsvold area was explored by Thomas Archer, one of five sons of William Archer who had emigrated from Scotland to Norway in 1825. Three of the sons emigrated to Australia in the 1830s. Thomas Archer took up a pastoral run in 1848, naming it Eidsvold after the Norwegian town where the constitution of Norway was signed in 1814 and from where the Archer family had emigrated. The family's Eidsvold Homestead (1850) is listed on the Queensland heritage register.

Gold was discovered at Eidsvold in the 1850s, but significant mining only began with the rush in 1886. Within two years there was a population of 1125, plus 800 miners, with eight hotels, numerous stores, a Catholic church, a Salvation Army temple and two sawmills. Mining did not initiate a long boom, and pastoral interests grew during the 1890s. The town's population nearly halved between 1891 and 1901, and the Australian handbook described Eidsvold in 1903:

In about 1926 a local livestock agent, Martin Snelling and Co, began regional cattle sales at Eidsvold. The saleyards covered nine acres, and their success can be measured by the throughput of 7482 animals on one day in 1932. Snelling's move was well timed, as the railway line had been extended from Mundubbera to Eidsvold in 1924, and would be further extended to Monto in 1928, linking up with the line to Rockhampton.

The Eidsvold Shire had an area of over 3000 sq miles, but in 1932 it was almost halved by the severance of a newly created Monto Shire. The reduced area had a population of about 1300 people in the early postwar years, falling to under 1000 by the end of the century. The Eidsvold township held about half the population. It has a hospital, local shops, a showground, a picnic race club, a motel, a bowling club, a golf course, a swimming pool, a combined primary-high school and a historical society. 

Eidsvold Shire was described in the 1946 Australian Blue Book:

In 2008 Eidsvold Shire (4809 sq km) was amalgamated with five other shires to form North Burnett Regional Council.

The shire's primary agriculture industry was beef-cattle grazing.

The RM Williams Australian Bush Learning Centre (2010) on the Burnett Highway showcases local history and bush culture. 

An area 25 km from Eidsvold was the epicentre of a magnitude 5.2 earthquake in February 2015, the third largest recorded in Queensland (with the largest occurring in 1935 (5.5), larger than one recorded in 1883). Despite its size, no significant damage was recorded. One week later the town was damaged by flooding from Tropical cyclone Marcia.

Its census populations have been:

 area Census Date Population
Eidsvold 1891 1258
  1901 700
  1954 485
  1976 635
  2001 495
  2006 459
  2011 630
Eidsvold Shire 1911 1074
  1933 *1475
  1971 1222
  2001 913
  2006 859
* After the severance of Monto Shire in 1932.

Centenary Souvenir 1848-1948 embracing the districts of Gayndah, Mundubbera, Eidsvold and Monto, Brisbane, William Brooks, 1948

Eidsvold Goldfields, 1887-1987: centenary souvenir, Eidsvold, 1987

Jim Stewart and Shirley Taylor, Pictures from the past: a photographic history of Eidsvold Shire, Eidsvold Shire Council, 2001

Einasleigh entry


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